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Space One - Dawn of Civilization

Tanba-Kari On Entrance Door

  • Craftsmen at Afghan Metal Works
  • Location: Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
  • Medium: Copper

The copper triangles on the entrance door are hand made by traditional craftsmen from the Mizgaran Muhallah (neighbourhood of metal workers) adjacent to the fabled Qissa Khwani Bazaar (bazaar of storytellers) in Peshawar, Pakistan. The distinctive texture was created by hammering fine sheets of copper by hand – a craft that requires great precision and skill.

The tradition of metal work, including copper, bronze and its alloys, dates back to at least 7000 BCE in this region. Historically, the craft of copper work practiced in Lahore and Peshawar became known far and wide. Today, coppersmiths from these areas produce a large variety of intricately detailed products which are sold within Pakistan and abroad.

Kashikari Ceiling

  • Artist: Sadia Salim
  • Craftsmen at NITA
  • Location: Nasarpur, Sindh
  • Medium: Glazed and Painted Terracotta
  • Dimensions: 2.1m x 2.1m

Kashikari is a centuries-old craft of glazed ceramics encompassing painted and mosaic geometric patterns, arabesque and calligraphy on tiles, vessels and architectural pieces. It was first developed in Iran and Central Asia and later spread to other parts of the world.

Each of the interlocking tiles of this ceiling were individually produced to fit together in a mosaic style at a family workshop of Kashigars in Nasarpur, which is one of the main centres of Kashi work in Pakistan today along with Hala and Multan.

The design of this ceiling is inspired by the Kashikari of the enclosure of Mirza Baqi Baig Uzbek located in the famous Makli necropolis - one of the largest funerary sites in the world which spreads over 10 kilometres near the city of Thatta in Sindh and is a UNESCO World Heritage SIte. It is also among the finest examples of Kashikari found across the mosques, mausoleums and shrines of Punjab and Sindh.

‘The Universe In Four Quadrants’ – Motif From Mehrgarh

  • Artist: Fahim Rao
  • Location: Karachi, Sindh
  • Dimensions: 7m Length

Over millennia, the land now called Pakistan has been home to a great many cultures and kingdoms and witnessed world-changing historical events. This ‘Timeline of History’ chronicles the different historical eras starting from Neolithic times to the creation of the modern state of Pakistan in 1947.

Iconic pictorial representations of each period have been painted directly on the Pavilion wall by a miniature artist trained through a lineage of masters from the National College of Arts in Lahore, Pakistan.

Clayware Of The Indus Valley Civilisation

  • Clayware Of The Indus Valley Civilisation
  • Medium: Terracotta
  • Location: Harappa, Punjab

This display showcases replicas of vessels, pots and jewellery discovered from the archaeological sites of Mohenjo Daro and Harappa – ancient cities of the Indus Valley Civilisation (2600 – 1900 BCE).

The Indus Valley Civilisation is one of the world’s earliest civilisations, a contemporary of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. At its peak, it extended over 1.3 million square kilometres, with 2,500 known settlements and several large cities. It had a highly developed culture that was extraordinary in many respects. The craftspeople of the Indus Valley were some of the most skilled in the world. They worked with wood, stone, ivory, metal, clay and other materials.

Many of the forms, techniques and decorative designs from this period are still in use today, representing the continuities between the past and present. The pieces in this display have been produced by a family of master potters who have worked closely with archaeologists at the ancient site of Harappa and committed themselves to the study of the Indus Valley clayware tradition. They continue to keep this tradition alive from their workshop in modern Harappa.

Timeline Of History

  • Artist: Naveed Sadiq
  • Location: Dubai, produced in situ
  • Medium: Gouache on wall
  • Dimensions: 7m Length

Over millennia, the land now called Pakistan has been home to a great many cultures and kingdoms and witnessed world-changing historical events. This ‘Timeline of History’ chronicles the different historical eras starting from Neolithic times to the creation of the modern state of Pakistan in 1947.

Iconic pictorial representations of each period have been painted directly on the Pavilion wall by a miniature artist trained through a lineage of masters from the National College of Arts in Lahore, Pakistan.